On the site “Kosto Bachilo”, in the Galichica National Park, on an area of about 90 hectares, there is a breeding center for European deer. At the moment, about 100 individuals live there, and part of the herd is planned to be released outside the fenced area. Males (deer) have strongly developed horns. Females (hints) gather in herds led by a dominant female. They live in deciduous forests and mountainous regions, and as herbivores they mostly graze on forest meadows and pluck leaves from trees and bushes. Their reintroduction in the Park contributes to the maintenance of high mountain pastures and the prevention of successional processes. The necessary infrastructure has been built within the reproductive center. There is a facility for storing food (grains and pods) with which we feed the deer continuously throughout the year. The facility also has a room for the employees, who serve the reproductive cenatar. A dozen feeders, a large puddle/water trough and six two-ton water storage tanks have been built. The reproductive center also has a small internally fenced area that is needed to separate individuals that will be released from it into the wild, as well as full video surveillance coverage. The deer are not released for hunting activities, but only for the management of the high mountain pastures, which have grown due to the reduced volume of animal husbandry in the past years, and their biomass has increased significantly, which poses a risk of open fires.
Regular grazing by large herds of sheep, but also mowing the grass, as well as the occasional burning of the pastures, have created a valuable ecosystem with exceptional biological diversity and particular landscape values. The maintenance of this ecosystem is possible only with its active management, i.e. using it regardless of whether it will be provided by domestic cattle or by a healthy population of wild herbivores. In this process, we can expect a significant part of the habitats to change over a long period of time and lose part of their biological diversity and the landscape values they possess. Since it is not realistic to expect animal husbandry to become attractive again, especially not the old traditional way, the Public Institution National Park Galichica, by reintroducing the European deer, tries to ensure active management of these ecosystems. By doing so, at least one part of this valuable ecosystem will be preserved. In addition, the increased presence of deer in the nature of the park and the opportunity to observe them in the wild will significantly increase the attractiveness and increase the number of visitors. By doing so, we will contribute to increasing awareness of the need to protect the natural heritage that we possess.